How To Care For Persian Cats Guide

Caring For Persian Catspersian cat


These days, Persian cats are among the most popular breeds of cat. Well known for their gentle and sweet personalities and their long hair, Persian cats have very attractive features. They are great companions for virtually anyone, and not very demanding. Unlike other breeds, such as the Siamese breed, Persian breeds need very little attention.

Although white is the color normally associated with Persian cats, they actually come in a variety of other colors as well. During competitions, they are divided into seven color divisions – solid, silver and gold, tabby, shaded and smoke, particolor, bicolor, and Himalayan. No matter what color of Persian cat it may be, they are best noticed during competitions by their long and flowing coats.

Persian cats should always be kept inside of the house, to protect their coat. If they travel outside, they can easily damage their coat. They will also need to be brushed daily with a metal comb, or their coat can become tangled, which will lead to hairballs. You’ll need to bathe your Persian cat on a regular basis as well, to help protect his coat.

Bathing works best when the cat is young, as it will get him used to it. Bathing should never be overlooked, as it will keep your cats coat looking clean and healthy. Although some breeds can maintain their coats on their own, Persians can’t. Their fur is long and dense and you’ll need to groom them daily to ensure their coat stays healthy.

The Persian breed is gentle and sweet, getting along great with everyone – including kids. They have a pleasant voice that is always good to hear. Using their voice and their eyes, they can communicate very well with their owners. They are very playful, yet they don’t require a lot of attention. They love attention however, and love being admired.

Unlike other cats, they don’t climb and jump much at all. They aren’t destructive either; they just love being admired and lying around. A majority of the time, Persian cats love to bask in the sun and show others just how beautiful they truly are.

Although most breeds can be kept indoors or outside, Persian cats should always be kept inside and never allowed to go outside of the house. Keeping them inside with protect their coats and also keep diseases and common parasites away from them as well. You won’t have to worry about cars or dogs either if you keep your pet inside.

To ensure that your Persian pet stays healthy, you should always take him to the vet on an annual basis. If cared for properly, such as grooming, shots, and checkups, Persian cats can live as long as 20 years. One thing you’ll need to be aware of that’s common with Persians is their eyes.

Their eyes are very big and can sometimes be too much for the cat to clean. This is a common healthy problem with the breed, and should be checked on a regular basis to ensure that it doesn’t get out of control.

When you compare Persians to other breeds, you’ll notice that the Persians are among the easiest to keep. You don’t have to worry about things like jumping or climbing, as Persians don’t like to do either. All you’ll need to do is feed your cat and groom him or him on a daily basis. Even though grooming can be quite a bit of work in the long run – it’s well worth it when you have a healthy an beautiful Persian cat.

 

Cat Breeds: Different Type of Cat Breeds In The World

all cat breedsOver the last thousands of years, cats have pretty much handled their breeding themselves. In the beginning, they were used for one purpose – hunting and killing rodents. As the years progressed, we began to breed cats more to our liking. Now days, there are several different breeds of cats – which you can tell if you look closely.

These days there are over 70 distinct cat breeds, which are recognized through cat registries. There are several registries that will recognize around 40 breeds or so, as they exclude the more domestic breeds such as tigers. There are also many variations as well, including wild cats that have longer hair.

There are some cat breeds who have roots going back quite a bit in history. Some Japanese breeds, such as the Japanese Bobtail, can be traced back more than 1,000 years in history. These cats were very common and well known throughout Medieval Japan. Now days though, they are all but a myth throughout Japan and the entire world.

The more common cat breeds that are found in North America include the alley cat, long haired cat, and Persian cat. Siamese cats are also common, although they are well known to be destructive and to have a foul temper. Persian cats are very popular, proving to be loving companions. Persian cats can be very expense, depending on where you get it and what type of Persian cat it is.

Alley cats are the most common in North America. There are actually several different breeds, although most of us just refer to them as alley cats. They make good pets, although there are literally thousands of them in existence. Cats are known to breed more than any other pet, and they will continue to breed until they are stopped. Alley cats are among the most bred, as there are hundreds of thousands of cats that are homeless – and have nothing to do but breed.

The look of the cat is the easiest way to tell what breed he or she may be. Some people choose to go by color, although color isn’t as easy to identify. Different breeds of cats have different looks, such as the Siamese and Persian cats. Siamese cats are almost always black, and easy to identify by their color and their eyes. Persian cats on the other hand, are easily identified by their body type and their hair.

Over the years, there has been quite a few breeds come along. Cats were one of the first pets, and easily one of the most popular. Millions of people around the world own cats, with many people preferring a cat over any other pet – including dogs. No matter breed of cat you get – you’re sure to get a pet who make for a great companion for years and years to come.

 

Scottish Fold Temperament and Disposition

scotish fold temperamentWith its soft, gentle meows and sweet, affectionate temperament, it’s little wonder this breed has endeared itself so deeply to cat lovers.

Calmness and adaptability

Scottish folds are calm animals who always enjoy playing and being around people. They are adaptable to numerous different environments & can get along quite well with small children, friendly dogs and other cats. A Scottish fold kitten makes a good addition to a multi-pet household, as it will adapt very well to other animals fast. Their calmness is suitable for families with kids, the last thing you want is your kid playing around with an easily irritable cat.

Funny Poses and Sleeping Position

Folds frequently stand-on their hind legs or can arrange themselves in various other unusual positions. Folds are well known to sleep lying on their backs and for sitting down with their legs stretched-out and the paws on their belly. This style has it’s own name, it’s called the “Buddha-Position”. These human like positions make this breed even more likeable since it feels closer to us, humans. Folds also have the habit of fitting themselves into various strange places more than other cats do, you may find it for example laying with his back in the washbasin of the toilet.

Playfulness and Movement

Their playfulness is a huge plus, especially if you have kids. Scottish folds are very playful and this combined with their high intelligence scores (usually) make them suitable for owners who wish to play various games with their pets and like to engage them in various activities. It is rare for a fold not to follow the fun. Folds like playing fetch and enjoy outdoor activity (in contrast to what many people believe). Also, there is a notion that folds are a “couch potato” kind of breed, this is not the case however. Even though folds are not among the most energetic cats, they do like to move and it is actually recommended that you keep your fold active if you want to enjoy his company for many years. If you don’t have the time to engage with him/her it is a good idea to find him company acquiring another pet.

Need for affection and attention

Folds tend to bond with their caregivers a lot and usually follow them around the house. You are never lonely if you have a Scottish Fold. Folds are not a talkative breed, however when they do make noise, it is in a small soft voice. Usually they are pleased with sitting close to you but from time to time they will want some cuddling. Folds hate being alone for prolonged periods of time, so if you can’t keep him/her company throughout the day, or if you and your family leave the home in the mornings for work/school etc, it is a good idea to have another pet, so they can entertain one another. In general, the more you love your fold, the more it’s going to love you back.

Scottish fold Personality

In terms of personality Scottish folds vary almost as much as humans do. Their personality also depends on the breed of the non-folded parent. Each folds has it’s own unique trademarks, therefore it is difficult to distinguish some personality traits that all Scottish Folds share in common. In general though, Scottish folds do have their tendencies just like any other  breed. Just remember that what i write bellow doesn’t represent 100% of the folds in existence, you will find a lot of exceptions to the “rules”.

Outgoing, Curious and Devoted

The Fold is outgoing & curious, and enjoys following others around. He also loves being involved in what others are doing. He is quite clever & dexterous, you’ll often find him opening the cabinets to see whether he can find anything to snack on or/and play with. It isn’t unusual to find a Fold using paws to splash water or to steal some food from your plate. His most favourite game is fetch & catch but he’s also a great candidate for the food puzzles which will challenge him.

They are easygoing, making them perfect for those who want a simple loving companion. The Fold is also very loyal & tend to easily bond with one person in a household, whom he will follow from room-to-room like a very devoted puppy.

His habit of forming strong bonds mean  that he will also require plenty of interaction and attention with the chosen ones, so as we said before, in case your schedule keeps you away for many hours every day, don’t forget to have another pet so he can enjoy the company of someone else when you are away.

Scottish folds are also good candidates for championships and tournaments. Thanks to their adaptability and usually outgoing personalities they can be social even in the most crowded places. After all, for a Scottish fold no one remains a stranger for long time.

Stubborn

Scottish folds, especially the most intelligent ones are often stubborn and have a mind of their own. Note that, love and affection combined with a stubborn Scottish fold might be fun at first, in the long run you might get tired. That’s why it is always a good idea to have another pet or even better, another fold. If yours happens to be very stubborn, at least he/she will have someone else apart from you to play with. There is always the possibility of hitting upon two stubborn ones, in this case, you are doomed.

Scottish Fold: Cat Breed FAQ

scotish breed interesting facts⦁ History
⦁ Description
⦁ Temperament
⦁ Special Medical Concerns
⦁ Is This Breed For Me?
⦁ Frequently Asked Questions

History Of  The Scottish Fold

Susie, the first Scottish Fold cat, was discovered in 1961 in the Tayside Region of Scotland, at a farm near Coupar Angus. She was a white barn cat with ears that folded downward and forward on her head. Her face resembled an “owl” or an “otter’s face”. A shepherd by the name of William Ross first noticed Susie’s unique ears at a neighbor’s barn. Since William and his wife Mary were Cat Fanciers they were fascinated with Susie.

A year later Susie and a local tom had a litter of two folded ear kittens and the Ross’s acquired the female and named her Snooks. Snooks’ son was bred to a British Shorthair and so began the breed known today as the Scottish Fold. At this time the breed was registered with the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy in Great Britain.

In the mid 1960s, Pat Turner, a cat breeder and geneticist, became involved in the development of the Fold. Over the next 3 years she oversaw the breedings which produced 76 kittens – 42 with folded ears and 34 with straight ears.

She and Peter Dyte, another British geneticist, agreed that the gene mutation responsible for folded ears is a simple dominant. This means that if a kitten inherits a gene from one parent for straight ears and one from a parent with the gene for folded ears, it will be a fold. They also learned that the original cats carried the longhair gene.

Susie, the original fold, was a loose fold which means the tips of her ears bent forward about halfway up the ear. This is now called a single fold. Today’s folds have ear folds ranging from the loose single fold to the very tight triple fold which is seen in the show quality cats.

A faction in the British Cat Fancy felt that the Scottish Fold would be prone to ear infections and deafness. They campaigned to prevent their acceptance for registry in Great Britain. Folds are still not accepted for registry in registries of Great Britain and Europe.

Mrs. Ross arranged for some of her folds to be shipped to Neil Todd, Ph.D., a geneticist in Newtonville, MA in the early 1970’s. The first American born litter arrived Nov. 30, 1971. After his study ended, some folded kittens were given to first one CFA affiliated breeder who gave some to another, etc., until the shorthair Scottish Folds were accepted by ACA for registration in 1973, ACFA and CFA in 1974. TICA was the first registry to recognized the longhairs for championship competition in the 1987-88 show season and CFA followed in 1993-94.

Although the Ross’ had to give up their efforts in their own country to develop and raise these adorable cats, they will always be regarded in America as the founders of the breed.

Description Of The Scottish Fold

After two decades of outcrossing to the American and British Shorthairs, the Scottish Fold has developed a look all its own. It is a medium sized cat, 9 to 13 pounds in the male and 6 to 9 pounds in the female. A Fold should have a well rounded, padded look to the entire body with a round headed appearance from all angles, domed at the top with a very short neck.

The eyes should be large, round, broadly spaced and giving a sweet expression. A Fold can have straight medium-sized ears to small tightly folded ears with wide range in the degree of the fold. The ear tips will be rounded on the tip. A Fold will have well-rounded whisker pads with whiskers which often curve forward.

The jaw is firm and well rounded. The nose is gently curved, short and wide due to the wide set of the eyes. Sometimes the curve of the mouth around their prominent whisker pads gives the appearance of a “smiling” cat. As you can see from the description, the Scottish Fold’s head should look round in all ways.

The Scottish Fold can be found in both the shorthair and longhaired version. The longhaired Scottish Fold has a semi-long coat of variable length which should sport a nice ruff on the males, leg britches and a huge fluffy tail.
Scottish Folds can be found in almost every color and combination of colors and white except for the pointed colors.

This means that generally you will not be able to find a Scottish Fold who has the coloring of a Siamese or Himalayan. (The exception is Folds bred by members of the Cat Fanciers Federation, which allows the pointed pattern. All other registries consider pointed Folds to be AOV (Any Other Variety), and will not accept them for competition.)

The brown tabby & white Scottish Fold is probably the most well known color but they can be found in everyone’s favorite colors.

Temperament Of The Scottish Fold

The Scottish Fold is a sweet natured cat who is usually quiet voiced and loves to help supervise whatever you happen to be doing. Their activity level is in the medium range. They love to play but usually expect you to be involved in the fun and games. While not every Fold will be a lap fungus, they will usually be found close to you. Scottish Folds love to sleep flat on their backs and can often be found sitting up looking very much like an otter.
Special Medical Concerns
In general the Scottish Fold is a healthy, hardy cat with a lifespan of approximately 15 yrs. Early in the development of this breed a degenerative joint disease was discovered to be linked with breeding folded-eared cats to folded-eared cats. Because of this, ethical breeders will only breed straight-eared cats to folded- eared cats. Scottish Folds who are the products of folded-ear to straight-ear breedings seldom if ever develop joint disease.
Affected Folds will usually show signs of the disease between the ages of 4 to 6 months. This disease, in its worst case, will cause the joints of the cat’s tail, ankles and knees to fuse and stiffen. A Scottish Fold with a very short thickened tail is probably affected to some extent. While this health problem is disabling, it is not life threatening. Though it cannot be cured, it can be very successfully treated.

Is This Breed For Me?

If you like a cat that is very active and for the most part aloof, then no, the Scottish Fold is not for you. If you want a cat who wants to know what you are doing and why you aren’t paying attention to him, then yes, you’d probably do well with a Scottish Fold. Scottish Folds want to be with you and will not do well if left alone for long periods of time. If you work long hours, you might want to consider getting your Scottish Fold a playmate from your local Humane Society or Shelter. Another option is in buying a pair of Folds – one folded-eared and one straight-eared. Two Folds will keep each other from getting lonely and will be twice the love and devotion when you are home.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I find Scottish Fold breeders?

Scottish Folds are accepted in all the cat registry associations in the United States. Most of their central offices can give you names of breeders registered with them. Another option is to attend a cat show near you and talk to the breeders that are there. Get to know them and get on their waiting lists. Yes, a Waiting List!!! Because of the folded ear to straight ear breedings not all the kittens born have folded ears and for this reason most Fold breeders have waiting lists for their folded-eared kittens. Don’t feel like you are getting the run around if you aren’t able to find your special kitten for 6 or more months. (And if you want a specific color, sex, or coat length, you may have to wait even longer.)

Where else can I find information on the breed?

Another place to find information about Scottish Folds and breeders is to contact the International Scottish Fold Association. This is a CFA (Cat Fanciers Association) affiliated breed club. If you send a #10 SASE to ISFA, 12500 Skyline Dr., Burnsville, MN, 55337-2920, they will send you information on the breed itself and a list of member breeders. The Association is not only for breeders but is open to anyone with an interest in Scottish Folds and membership gets you a well written quarterly newsletter.
You can also purchase the paperback book titled Scottish Fold Cats: A Complete Owner’s Manual, written by Phil Maggitti. Any bookstore can order it for you. Most of the information is accurate though some of the genetics data is a little dated. It also has some wonderful color photos.
Is there more information on Scottish Folds on the Web?
Breeders of all breeds of cats, including Scottish Folds, may be found through the Fanciers breeder listing page.

Scottish Fold Cat Breed – Should You Choose It?

scotish fold


First discovered in a barn near Coupar Angus in Scotland, the Scottish fold is best known for her distinctive folded ears, which are the result of a spontaneous natural mutation. The ears fold forward and downward, and the resulting impression of a wide-eyed owl or cuddly teddy bear has captured the hearts of many cat lovers. In addition to their characteristic ears and unique look, folds are mellow and affectionate, perfect for folks who want a loving companion that’s not too active.

History and Origin Of The Scottish Fold Cat

In 1961, Scottish shepherd William Ross noticed a cat with unusual folded ears at a neighbor’s farm near Coupar Angus in the Tayside Region of Scotland. This first fold, Suzie, was a white barn cat of unknown parentage. Realizing the uniqueness of the cat’s ears, Ross and his wife, Mary, acquired one of Suzie’s kittens a year later, a white female named Snooks.

The Rosses started a breeding program with Snooks and worked to establish the new breed. At first, they called the breed “lop-eared,” like the rabbit. British shorthairs were used to strengthen and enlarge the gene pool. The Rosses began showing and registering their unique cats with the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF). Other breeders got involved and by the end of the decade the breed was renamed the Scottish fold.

In the early 1970s, however, the GCCF stopped registering folds because of concerns about ear disorders such as infections, mites and deafness – concerns that turned out to be unfounded. Still, the breed never achieved the fame it has attained in North America. Folds were first introduced to the United States in 1970 when three of Snooks’ kittens were sent to Dr. Neil Todd in Massachusetts, who was researching spontaneous mutations. Other folds were later imported, and British and American shorthairs were used in the breeding program. All genuine Scottish folds can be traced back to Suzie.

In 1978, the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) granted the Scottish fold championship status. In a relatively short time, the fold earned acceptance in all the cat associations and a place in the U.S. cat fancy’s top 10 most popular breeds. Today, the fold is the eighth most popular, according to CFA’s registration totals.

The longhaired version of the fold was not officially recognized until the mid-1980s, although longhair kittens had been appearing in Scottish fold litters since the beginning.

Appearance Of The Scottish Fold

The breed’s distinctive folded ears are produced by an incompletely dominant gene that affects the cartilage of the ears, causing the ears to fold forward and downward, giving a cap-like appearance to the head. Smaller, tightly folded ears set in a cap-like fashion are preferred to a loose fold and larger ear. The large, round eyes and rounded head, cheeks, and whisker pads add to the overall rounded appearance. Despite the folded ears, folds still use their aural appendages to express themselves – the ears swivel to listen, lay back in anger and prick up when the treat bag rustles.

The fold’s body also gives the impression of roundness. It is medium-sized, rounded, well-padded and even from shoulder to pelvis. The tail is medium to long, tapered and in proportion to the body.

Scottish folds are found in both longhaired and shorthaired varieties. The longhaired fold has a medium-long to long coat that is soft and full of life and boasts a full ruff, leg britches, toe tufts, ear furnishings and a huge plume of a tail. The shorthaired fold has a short to medium-short, dense, resilient coat that stands away from the body.

In most associations, almost every color and pattern are accepted except those that indicate hybridization, such as the Siamese pointed pattern and colors. However, a few associations accept all colors and patterns, including the pointed pattern.

Scotish Fold’s Personality

Scottish folds are mellow, loving, sweet-tempered and adapt quickly to new environments and people. While folds will deign to allow others to cuddle and pet them, they are very loyal and tend to bond with one person in the household, whom they will follow from room to room like devoted, lop-eared puppies. They thrive on attention and interaction with their chosen humans and are agreeable to almost any suggestion – as long as it can be accomplished from a reclining position.

Despite their devotion, they are not clingy or demanding cats and usually prefer to be near you rather than on your lap. They vocalize only when they have something very important to say, like “Feed me,” but even then their voices are usually quiet. They enjoy a good game of fetch now and then and stay playful and kittenish well into adulthood.

Scotish Fold’s Grooming

Shorthaired folds need minimal grooming. Because their coat is dense, however, it’s necessary to comb their fur with a good steel comb once or twice a week to remove dead hairs. Longhaired folds require more grooming – combing with a good steel comb twice or three times a week will prevent mats and keep the fur looking its best.

The folded ears cause an increased production of wax buildup in some cats, making ear cleaning a necessary part of bi-monthly grooming for both long and shorthaired varieties.

Since the fold is still quite rare, and since not every kitten has folded ears, demand is high and waiting lists are usually long. Price varies depending upon area, breeder, bloodline and quality, as well as gender, body and ear type, and color and pattern. Generally, a pet-quality fold runs $500 to $800, but this can vary.

Association Acceptance
 American Association of Cat Enthusiasts (AACE)
 American Cat Association (ACA)
 American Cat Fancier’s Association (ACFA)
 Canadian Cat Association (CCA)
 Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA)
 Cat Fanciers’ Federation (CFF)
 The International Cat Association (TICA)
 United Feline Organization (UFO)

The name given to the longhaired Scottish fold varies by association. In the CFA the longhaired Scottish fold is recognized as a division of the Scottish fold breed. TICA, ACA, CCA, and UFO call it the Scottish fold longhair. In CFF it’s called the longhair fold, and ACFA and AACE refer to the breed as the Highland fold.

Special Notes About The Scotish Fold

Since the Scottish fold’s folded ear gene is dominant, all Scottish fold cats must have at least one folded ear parent to have folded ears themselves. When a fold is bred to a straight-eared cat, approximately 50 percent of the kittens will have folded ears, although the actual number of folds in any given litter can vary. The rest will have straight ears. These straight-eared folds are very useful in fold breeding programs and are also sold as pets.

Breeding two folds together increases the number of fold kittens in the resulting litters, but also greatly increases the chances of serious skeletal deformities. Homozygous folds (folds that inherit the folded ear gene from both parents) are much more likely to develop a genetic condition that causes crippling distortion and enlargement of the bones.

Avoiding fold to fold breeding reduces the problem; however, controversy surrounds the breed because of this defect. When buying a fold, be sure to check for signs of the disorder. Short, coarse legs, splayed toes, thickness and lack of mobility in the legs or tail are sure signs of trouble. Determine tail flexibility by moving your hand down the tail in a very gentle slightly upward-arching movement.